How a dog can make it easier to manage diabetes
Dogs can be great friends — they will offer unconditional love, joy, and company. But they can also support your health and well-being in other, more specific ways. Fresh evidence now suggests that dogs could help people with type 1 diabetes manage their condition with extra confidence.
Tradition has it that dogs are our best friends, and researchers have been putting this special connection between canines and people to good use.
Dogs are currently trained to sniff out illegal drugs at airports, to support people with impaired vision, as therapy animals for people living with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and even, sometimes, to detect cancer in people.
A new study now delivers fresh evidence, supporting the idea that dogs can also help people with diabetes by alerting them to a hypoglycemic episode.
However, the treatment can sometimes lead to hypoglycemic episodes, which can cause loss of consciousness and even seizures if the person does not address the symptoms immediately.
For this reason, a team of researchers from the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom has been looking at how accurately dogs that people have trained can detect hypoglycemia in individuals with type 1 diabetes.
The researchers collaborated with Medical Detection Dogs, a UK-based charity invested in the training of dogs for medical detection purposes.
Lead author Nicola Rooney and colleagues report their findings in the journal PLOS One.
Accurate in 83 percent of cases
The researchers worked with people with type 1 diabetes who had dogs, some of which Medical Detection Dogs had specially trained and certified, and some of which were at the advanced training stage.
The dog breeds featured in this study were Labrador retriever, golden retriever, Labrador retriever and golden retriever cross, poodle, collie cross, labradoodle, lurcher, cocker spaniel, and Yorkshire terrier.
Rooney and colleagues analyzed 12 weeks' worth of blood sample records from the participants and accounts of all the instances in which the dogs had alerted their owners of a hypoglycemic episode.
Cohut, M. (2019, january 16). How a dog can make it easier to manage diabetes. Retrieved from www.medicalnewstoday.com: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/324190.php