Diseases Your Pets Could Give You
Rosemary Black (Black, 2015)
Black, R. (2015, 4 20). www.everydayhealth.com. Retrieved from 10 Diseases Your Pets Could Give You: https://www.everydayhealth.com/pictures/10-diseases-your-pets-could-give-you/#03
Roundworms, Hookworms, and Tapeworms
Most puppies and kittens are born with roundworms, Dr. Nelson says, which is why they should routinely be tested and treated. The eggs can survive for up to a month in a moist environment like sand or soil where a pet did his business. If you handle infected sand and then eat without washing your hands, you can swallow the eggs. In rare cases, someone infected with roundworm eggs can experience eye, heart, lung, and even neurological symptoms, Nelson says. Visceral toxocariasis, the illness that can result from roundworms, can be treated with antiparasitic drugs like albendazole or mebendazole.
Hookworms in a pet, usually dogs and cats, can be caused by several parasites. A person can get infected if the hookworm larvae from contaminated soil penetrate the skin.“This is the logic behind not permitting dogs on the beach,” Nelson says. The infection usually resolves on its own, or you may be given an antiparasitic treatment.
Tapeworms can transmit from fleas when a pet self-grooms and swallows an infected flea. A pet can then infect a person, though the risk is low. “If your skin comes in contact with the tush end of your dog, they are transmitted to you,” Nelson says about tapeworms. “You may have gastrointestinal symptoms and weight loss.” You’ll likely be put on oral medication.
Prevention Tips: You can prevent hookworm infections by not walking barefoot or sitting on contaminated soil or sand.The best way to avoid tapeworms is to control fleas in your home. Make sure that your cat or dog is on a flea and tick preventive medication. And be sure to have a new pet examined by a vet and treated for worms, if necessary. Clean up after your pet, placing all waste into a plastic bag and disposing of it in the trash can.